The Cathode Ray Tube site
History and Physics Instruments
The electronic eye
The second page
There are different types of modern camera tubes, here is an overview
of tube names. Today some types are still used in medical equipment.
Plumbicon is a registered trademark of Philips.
Mostly used in broadcast camera applications.
These tubes have low output, but a high signal-to-noise ratio.
surface: PbO lead oxide
Vidicon was the first most common type of cameratube
for broadcast and consumer use.
surface: Sb2S3 antimony trisulfide
Newvicon is a registered trademark of Matsushita.
The Newvicon tubes were characterized by high light sensitivity.
surface: ZnSe, ZnCdTe zinc selenide, zinc cadmium telluride
Saticon is a registered trademark of Hitachi also produced by Thomson.
surface: SeAsTe selenium arsenic tellurium
Trinicon is a registered trademark of Sony.
This tube used a special vertical color stripe filter.
Pasecon is a registered trademark of Heimann.
surface: CdSe cadmium selenide
Same as pasecon when made by Hamamatsu.
Resistron is a registered trademark of Heimann.
This tube is a vidicon type tube.
Premicon is a registered trademark of Thomson.
X-CON is a registered trademark of Teltron.
X-con tubes use the same photo-conductor as the Newvicon.
2/3" Sony Saticon CT-2332
2/3" Philips XQ 1272 Vidicon
Collection of different camera tubes.
With the introduction of the small Vidicon tube, the consumer market was a new target for the industry.
At the end of the 1970s you could buy your own home videocamera !
1" Philips XQ1053 Vidicon
RCA 6914 Image intensifier tube.
Used in IR army night vision equipment.
RCA 4859 Photomultiplier tube.
This is not a camera tube but it's a nice
one, used in optical spectrometry.
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The Plumbicon tube Philips XQ1020
In the front the first type in the back the newer model.
1960, Philips shook the competitors with this new developed small tube (3cm faceplate) based on the RCA Vidicon but with a lead oxide target. Due to the small size of this tube the first compact colour camera's could be developed. It was an extreme expensive tube up to 15K USD each (the colour camera needed three of these), due to the same kind of production losses as the former Image Orthicon tube.